Different Minds, Frequencies, Awareness Using MB types

Author Walter Lowen, a physicist, became interested in brain mapping as it related to personality. His book Dichotomies of the Mind (Wiley, 1982) presented these concepts in great scientific

Faced with information overload, we have no al...
Faced with information overload, we have no alternative but pattern recognition. -Marshall McLuhan (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

detail. With the use of various brain scanning devices he was able to name specific parts of the brain. Lowen’s work draws on Jungian psychology, miscellaneous theories of the mind, and principles of information theory and systems engineering. Written in the language of mathematics, computers, and psychology to build a model of the organization underlying intelligence.

I read the book in 1982, and recently refound my notes. I remember not liking his theory much because it was Darwinian. Lowen asserted that the types progress from the most primitive to the most advanced, as in the table below.

16 portals for innovation

What I like about the table is that it shows 16 very different and related points of view that are inherent and unstated.  Each portal for innovation can help to anticipate obstacles | opportunities for generating new ideas, making new decisions and taking new actions.

Lowen’s type hypotheses

According to Lowen, the  types pay attention to four data sources:

  • Signals within the body (SF)
  • Signs from the physical world (ST)
  • Symbols (NF)
  • Strategies (NT)

Within each of those four areas are stages

  • Identification (EP)
  • Pattern recognition (IP)
  • Contrast recognition (EJ)
  • The gestalt (IJ)
Type Code Description
ESFP Identify personal physical signals.
ISFP Match signals with personal past physical signals.
ESFJ Contrast personal physical signals.
ISFJ Control personal physical signals.
ESTP Identify people and things.
ISTP Recognize features of people and things.
ESTJ Sort people and things according to quantified information.
ISTJ Routine: Consciously seek out and use people and things toward a purpose. Order the steps necessary to take to get something done.
ENFP Combine unrelated things.
INFP Harmony: Evaluate the quality of the combination ‘feeling right’.
ENFJ Preference: Make value judgements, give opinions about the combination.
INFJ Association: Give meaning to what two different things might have in common, subtle differences.
ENTP Strategy: Identify plot for dealing with complex tasks.
INTP Pattern: Cluster information, including strategies, notices inconsistencies.
ENTJ Logic: Sort complex data into a sequence of cause and effect.
INTJ Structure: Find the one idea that unifies many ideas; essential definitions.

For reference see:




Marci Segal, MS

Freeing Leaders’ thinking so they can create new futures.